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Effectiveness of self-care program for hospital readmissions prevention in patients with potentially avoidable hospitalizations: (AUTOCUID) randomized clinical trial

Authors:

Naiara Parraza Diez ,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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Raquel Cobos Campos,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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Sara Roiz,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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Itziar Salaverria,

Basque Country University, ES
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Elena Subijana,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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Mari Jose Eras González,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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Pedro Lopetegui,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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Antxon Apiñaniz Fernández de Larrinoa,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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María Robledo Iñarritu,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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Juan José Villarreal1,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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Patricia Sobradillo,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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Nieves González,

OSI Araba, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, BioAraba Health Research Institute, ES
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Felipe Aizpuru Barandiaran

Sub-Directorate for Healthcare, Osakidetza Basque Health Service, ES
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Abstract

Introduction: the readmissions rate for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is 66% a year and 25% for congestive heart failure (CHF). Strategies based on the treatment of these patients focused on prevention and health promotion of active patient through health education, have achieved a decrease of 51% in ICC readmission the following 6 months.

Objectives: Determine the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary community intervention in patients with a history of potentially avoidable hospitalizations of COPD and CHF.

Methods: Clinical randomized study in 32 patients admitted to hospital because of CHF or COPD and with one or more previous hospital admissions.  After hospital discharge 14 subjects were attended by a multidisciplinary team (a nurse, a nutritionist, a psychologist and a social worker - AUTOCUID program -) that provide individual health advice for good management and control of their illness. The 18 remaining subjects received routine clinical practice according to the disease that originates the hospital admission. Following evaluations were performed 1, 3, 6 and 12 months later: blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, BNP, quality of life (SF-36, CAT and MLHFQ) questionnaires, self-management questionnaires for CHF and COPD, IPAQ physical activity questionnaire, functional dependence of Barthel and depression (PHQ9) questionnaires. Along the following year, admissions and visits to emergency and primary care physician were collected. A logistic regression model was constructed to quantify AUTOCUID Group patients hospital readmission probability regarding the control group. Covariance Analysis was used for comparing quality of life, functional dependency, depression, physical activity and self-care questionnaires

Results: the proportion of subjects who return to the hospital, visit the emergency service or  primary care physician was similar in both treatment groups (25%  group AUTOCUID versus 75% - p = 0.412; 46% versus 54% - p = 1. 000 and 44% versus 56% - p = 1.000- respectively). The likelihood of hospital readmission in AUTOCUID group was 0.33 compared to the control group (95% 0.056-1995) in the unadjusted model, and 0.58 (IC95%0.067-5.097) after adjusting by age and BMI. There are no statistically significant differences in evaluated clinical characteristics (quality of life, functional dependence, depression, self-care and activity).

Conclusions: the attention of patients with COPD and CHF by a multidisciplinary and multilevel team have a number of admissions a year similar to that obtained with the usual clinical practice. Their quality of life, self care and functional dependence do not differ.

Limitations and future research:  it was necessary to study 144 subjects but only 32 out of 217 agreed to participate in the study. New studies are necessary to achieve a sufficient evidence level. The incorporation of new technologies, such as the Tele-assistance, could facilitate patients the accessibility to follow-up visits - the main cause of non-participation detected in this study.

  

How to Cite: Parraza Diez N, Cobos Campos R, Roiz S, Salaverria I, Subijana E, Eras González MJ, et al.. Effectiveness of self-care program for hospital readmissions prevention in patients with potentially avoidable hospitalizations: (AUTOCUID) randomized clinical trial. International Journal of Integrated Care. 2019;19(4):583. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/ijic.s3583
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Published on 08 Aug 2019.

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