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Linking manager's, health provider's and patient's assessment of chronic illness care

Authors:

Alberto Barcelo ,

Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, BR
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Fernando Colugnati,

Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, BR
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Arise Galil,

Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, BR
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Elaine Amaral

Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, BR
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Abstract

Twenty years after the first publication of the landmark Chronic Care Model by Wagner and collaborators, it still guides interventions and evaluation aiming to improve patient chronic disease outcomes. Chronic care can be influenced by stakeholders who are user of the collected data, but health providers and patient have also a major impact on the success or failure of intervention trageting quality of care improvements. The Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (ACIC) and Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) are tools that have been used with success to evaluate care for a number of chronic diseases from the point of view of providers and patients respectively.  In Brazil chronic diseases are the leading cause of mortality accounting for more than 70% of deaths. Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases accounted for 13% and 5% of discounted disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 2007. Aim: The objective of this study was to evaluate care for diabetes, hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) from the point of view of the patient, providers, and managers in primary and secondary care clinics of the city of Juiz de For a, Minas Gerais, Brazil.   Material and methods: Three different tools were used to evaluate care, named the Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (ACIC) and the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) both designed and tested by the MacColl Institute for Health Improvement as well as the questionnaire Evaluation of the Structure for Chronic Illness Care (SCC) designed by the Pan American Health Organization and based on the Physician Practice Connection and Readiness Survey (PPC-RS).  In the evaluation participated 1,664 patients with diabetes, hypertension or chronic kidney disease, as well as 323 health providers from public primary and secondary care clinics. Patients and providers were interviewed using ACIC and PACIC; and the SCC was completed by medical managers from each clinic. Clinical data from patients were abstracted from electronic records. Results: Scores for all the three questionnaires were scaled to 100 percentage points.  The evaluation of the structure for chronic care scored 49 and 94 percentage points for primary and secondary care respectively. All PACIC and ACIC scores for primary care clinics were lower than scores for the secondary care clinic. Patients and providers rated care at 45 and 48, and 73 and 68 percentage points for primary and secondary care clinics. The secondary care clinic was evaluated with very high scores by patients and providers. Among the activities explored by the PACIC questionnaire, patient considered the lowest score for activation, followed by care coordination for both primary and secondary care clinics; while providers considered that the weakest aspects was the Health Care Organization respectively. This research showed that using the PACIC, ACIC and SCC were helpful understanding care center capacity and  identifying areas for improvement in firat and second level of care.

How to Cite: Barcelo A, Colugnati F, Galil A, Amaral E. Linking manager's, health provider's and patient's assessment of chronic illness care. International Journal of Integrated Care. 2019;19(4):557. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/ijic.s3557
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Published on 08 Aug 2019.

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