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Program to improve the discharge process : TRANSICIONA

Authors:

Mónica Mesas Cervilla ,

Parc Sanitari Pere Virgili, ES
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Miriam Colominas,

Parc Sanitari Pere Virgili, ES
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Laura Mónica Perez,

Parc Sanitari Pere Virgili, ES
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Marco Inzitari,

Parc Sanitari Pere Virgili, ES
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Ana de Andres,

Parc Sanitari Pere Virgili, ES
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Xavier Cleries

Parc Sanitari Pere Virgili, ES
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Abstract

Introduction: High-quality coordination during transitions across different setting is especially important for older adults with multiple chronic conditions and complex needs.  Evidence suggests an increased risk of decompensations of chronic conditions, hospital readmissions and death, following transitions. For example, in complex chronic patients, 30-days readmissions can reach 20-25%, according to the literature. Although several factors have been associated with “unsafe transition”, mostly uni-dimensional interventions have been designed. We implemented a multidimensional patient-centered intervention program, aimed to increase patient's empowerment on self-management and improve the coordination among the different settings of care.

Objectives: Main outcome: reduction of 30-days readmissions. Intermediate outcomes: to promote early follow-up by primary care.

Methods: We include all the patients admitted to our intermediate care hospital who meet  at least 2 of the following criteria’s: ≥2 chronic conditions, polypharmacy ≥ 8 drugs, cognitive impairment, previous hospital admission <6 months, poor social support and high risk of readmission perceived by the referral team.

The intervention is carried out on 5 domains: a Medication patient-center conciliation and education, b Physical activity encourage and promote the practice of physical activity, according to physical function, c Patients’ empowerment encourage and promote the incorporation of healthy habits, improve the patients’ knowledge of their disease and treatments, d Identification of other risks of hinder patients’ empowerment and confidence e Coordination of different settings primary care, nursing homes, etc. .

The multidisciplinary team includes: two nurses leaders of the project, a social worker and a geriatrician. In order to improve patients’ empowerment, the two nurses have received training on motivational interview and specific techniques such as “teach-back”. 

We collected demographic, clinical and health process variables in order to performed quantitative analyses, as well as 30-days readmissions using the shared IS3 platform available in all Catalonia.

 

Results: After 12 months, a total of 182 patients were included mean age 82 years and 54% females; 24 patients were missing during the intervention due to early discharge. The intervention was done mainly on the medication domain 77.1%, N=140, patients’ empowerment 78.8%, N=143 and physical activity 76%, N=138

Coordination and contact with primary care was done mainly through telephone calls, followed by email and written pre-discharge notifications. Regardless the method use for coordination, a high percentage of patients 47%, N=60 of 128 de patients from Home Care ATDOM; 67%, N= 86 de 128 patients of Primary Care of patients had a follow-up visit soon <7 days post alt. On the other hand, bad health outcomes, as hospital readmission within 30-days was 18.8%. 

Futures steps: We plan to complete the assessment looking at patient’s adherence to recommendations pharmacological and no-pharmacological as well as to analyze qualitative feedback of patients and staff about the program implementation. 

How to Cite: Mesas Cervilla M, Colominas M, Perez LM, Inzitari M, de Andres A, Cleries X. Program to improve the discharge process : TRANSICIONA. International Journal of Integrated Care. 2018;18(s2):168. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/ijic.s2168
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Published on 23 Oct 2018.

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