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Conference Abstracts

What is the Role of Interprofessional Education in Training Post-Licensure Healthcare Professionals for Integrated Care: A Scoping Review

Authors:

Sue Bookey-Bassett ,

Ryerson University, CA
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Sherry Espin

CA
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Abstract

Introduction

Longer lifespans and living with multiple chronic conditions are driving necessary change in healthcare systems. There is an increasing shift towards team-based integrated care, that is accessible, continuous, and of high quality. Health professional roles are changing rapidly; traditional educational approaches no longer suffice. The World Health Organization and the Institute of Medicine acknowledge that preparation of the healthcare workforce has not kept pace with these changes. Interprofessional education (IPE) and professional development training that includes partnering with patients, providers, and communities are identified as key solutions. However, understanding how IPE supports workforce development for integrated care remains unclear.

Aims Objectives Theory or Methods

We followed the Arksey and O’Malley method for conducting scoping reviews. The CINAHL, MEDLINE, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health, and Scholars Portal databases were searched using key search terms (interprofessional education, interdisciplinary education, integrated care, integrated health care delivery). Articles included were peer-reviewed, from all sectors, published in English, from the year 2000 to 2020 and comprised post-licensure health care workers. Study selection and data extraction were conducted by two independent reviewers using a standardized data extraction form. Data were collated, summarized, and key themes were identified.

Highlights or Results or Key Findings

A total of 32 papers were included in the review consisting of primary research studies (16), reviews (10), and reports/position papers (6). Integrated care was described as having multiple definitions, various models, key principles, and competencies.  Key Themes: The role of IPE in training health care professionals to work in integrated care was elucidated through qualitative thematic analysis. Four key themes were identified: 1) laying the foundation, 2) providing a building block, 3) acting as a catalyst, and 4) generating practice change.

 

Conclusions

IPE has a critical role in training health and social care providers to work in various models of integrated care and increasingly complex healthcare systems. However, IPE is only one part of a larger program of training that is necessary. Extending IPE beyond traditional roles and settings is crucial.

Implications for applicability/transferability sustainability and limitations

IPE should begin in academic programs and continue as workplace learning that is context specific. Evidence and theory-based multi-component interventions are required to reinforce learning in the practice setting. A formal evaluation of the quality of the evidence was not conducted and only papers written in English were included.

How to Cite: Bookey-Bassett S, Espin S. What is the Role of Interprofessional Education in Training Post-Licensure Healthcare Professionals for Integrated Care: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Integrated Care. 2022;22(S2):61. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/ijic.ICIC21197
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Published on 16 May 2022.

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